1436 – Johannes Gutenberg built the first printing press, opening knowledge beyond clerics.

1455 – The Bible is published.

1664 – Pierre Petit develops the “magic lantern”, precursor to slide projector, used in education into 1900’s. 1690 –  The New England Primer used to teach reading, 3m copies printed.

1728 – Shorthand correspondence courses were offered by a Boston 

1806 – Lancastrian system of master teachers, monitors, and sand boxes–eventually replaced with slates.

1841 – Horace Mann champions chalk boards in schools.

1888 – Thomas Edison made 341 films with a “kinetoscope” proclaiming the end of books in education.

1890 – Typewriters begin to be used in secondary schools.

1918 – Chicago public schools used 8,000 magic lantern slides.

1923 – Radio is used for instruction in schools starting at the Haaren High School in NYC.

1931 – Twenty five states had media or film departments

1938 – My mother wrote and performed radio plays to teach home economics for the Dept. of Agriculture.

1930-1957 – Radio, film, typewriters gains fail to cause growth due to cost and lack of teacher training.

1957 – The launch of Sputnik sparked a strong flow of investment in instructional television. 

1959 – PLATO computer based learning software is developed at the University of Illinois.

1960 – Development of the overhead projector using clear film.

1967 – Stanford’s Patrick Suppes learning research leads to Computer Curriculum Corporation (CCC) 

1969 – Taught animated filmmaking in a Philadelphia public high school while in college.

1971 – Ivan Illich develops the concept of “learning webs” as a model for people to network learning.

1972 – Seymour Papert develops Microworlds, children become mathematicians via programming.

1980 – Video conferencing systems begin to be developed.

1982 – SIS- First student information systems developed, NCS- SASI, Eagle, Aeries, etc.

1983 – Apple computer introduces Iie into schools achieving greater implementation due to ease of use.

1984 – First accredited distance learning University, National Technology University

1984 – Computer Adaptive Testing (CAT) shortens testing, individualizing learning in over 30,000 schools.

1987 – TERC innovated with elementary Inquiry-Based Learning networks, probeware and data collection.

1987 – Interactive whiteboards support computer and video integration into classroom instruction.

1988 – 3 million computers in schools are used by students for an average of 30 minutes each per day.

1989 – ChannelOne News satellite school network launched bringing TVs and connectivity to schools.

1990 – LMS- First learning management systems developed, EKKO in Norway, Softarc in the U.S.

1995 – Project- Based Learning initiatives begun by Autodesk.

1994 – Open educational resources (OER) freely accessible openly licensed text and media begin.

1999 – GalaxyClassroom STEM teacher-led, videos, hand-so-kits, online labs, and online communications. 

1999 – IMS Global supports integrate based on LTI (Learning Technologies Interoperability) standards.

2002 – Moodle free open-source LMS launches, now used by 220k in 241 countries

2002 – AssessOnline – Georgia statewide adaptive assessment of teacher technology integrations skills 

2009 – Common Core Standards launch.

2011 – PBS Learning Media, NBC Learn, AwesomeStories.org and other OER and freemium media launch.

2011 – 160,000 students enroll in the first MOOC (Massively Open Online Course) at Stanford.

2011 – Chromebooks offer cloud-based inexpensive option for schools and families.

2014 – Google Classroom launches delivering classroom, teacher, managed lessons.

2015 – Smarter Balanced and PARCC assessment state consortia launch requiring more school computers. 2019 – Leading web-based SIS, Powerschool, acquires and integrates Schoology, rapidly growing LMS.

2020 – COVID-19 spurs the spread of online systems causes increase in virtual learning, shortage of chromebooks, likely to cause greater lasting integration into learning.